Industrial buildings are buildings used for industrial activities. Industrial buildings as an identifiable architectural type rose to prominence during the industrial revolution during the 18th and 19th centuries, when new activities, and the availability of new materials and techniques led to the creation of some of the most innovative buildings of the period.
Any building structure used by the industry to store raw materials or for manufacturing products of the industry is known as an industrial building. Industrial buildings may be categorized as Normal type industrial buildings and Special type industrial buildings. Normal types of industrial building are shed type buildings with simple roof structures on open frames. These buildings are used for workshop, warehouses etc. These building require large and clear areas unobstructed by t he columns. The large floor area provides sufficient flexibility and facilityfor later change in the production layout without major building alterations. The industrial buildings are constructed with adequate headroom for the use of an overhead traveling crane. Special types of industrial buildings are steel mill buildings used for manufactureof heavy machines, production of power etc. The function of the industrial building dictates the degreeof sophistication.
Typically the bays in industrial buildings have frames spanning the width direction. Several such frames are arranged at suitable spacing to get the required length. Depending upon the requirement, several bays may be constructed adjoining each other. The choice of structural configuration depends upon the span between the rows of columns, the head room or clearance required the nature of roofing material and type of lighting. If span is less, portal frames such as steel bents or gable frames can be used but if span is large then buildings with trusses are used.